By Tim Benson | 8th October 2020
Pound coins

It may feel nice to have cash to hand, but how much is that really costing you?

In light of the recent changes made by National Savings and recognising that at present, Banks are literally awash with cash, we thought we would draw your attention to an article we wrote a little while back which highlights the peril of being invested too heavily in cash.

One of the regular conversations we have with our clients at EBS concerns the level of overall assets that should remain in cash. In most instances, people tend to want more in cash than we would normally suggest, and their arguments are broadly always the same. Cash is very much an emotional draw, due to the liquid nature of savings accounts. People like the ability to ‘see’ the money, as it were. Whilst we empathise with this position, a bigger concern is the comments that we have from people that cash is regarded as being ‘risk free’.

Interest rates have remained stubbornly low for some time now and whilst that is good for those with mortgages, the savers amongst us continue to be penalized. If you read the article from NS&I and see what they have done to their rates recently, it is clear that this liquid asset is continuing to lose money in real terms. If your cash deposit rate is lower than inflation, (and at the moment, it is likely) then the ‘real’ value or purchasing power of that asset is being eroded. With inflation sitting at around 1%, excessive money sat in cash deposits at present may offer poor, long term value.

Having said that, there is still a place for cash deposits in any portfolio and it has an important role to play. For example, it is a vital asset when considering any form of short-term requirement. Further to that, there is no question that for the purpose of security or as a guarantee of capital, cash is an excellent asset class. It’s the ideal place to hold money for a purpose.

However, you must recognize your deposit accounts as being part of your overall investment portfolio. As far as we are concerned, the first port of call in any portfolio has to be cash. Before you invest any money in other assets, it is vital you have a rainy-day fund, somewhere that is free from any fall in actual value and is also liquid. How much that amount will be depends upon individual circumstances, but a good starting point is to aim for three months income being held in an instant access savings account. This allows you to have a ‘buffer’ against changes to your personal circumstances and ensures that essentials such as mortgage and energy payments can still be maintained.

You should then add any requirement for cash within a twelve-month window (such as car or holiday purchase, school fees planning or other such matters). This should be held in a deposit account to avoid market volatility. Whilst we encourage our clients to consider investing in multi asset proposition, which offer a range of assets such as Equities, Property and Gilts, as well as cash, we do recognise that these investments do not include the same security of capital which is afforded with a deposit account. Put simply, investing in any other asset class may mean that you get back less than the amount invested.

However, beyond that, it is not an asset class to rely upon. As mentioned before, it is an asset class that will simply reduce in value in real terms. Yet, people still cling to the emotion of it, and this can prove to be expensive.

Therefore, do look closely at how much money you are holding in Bank and Building Society accounts. If it is more than three months’ worth of income as suggested above, then it may be time to talk to us about what other options are available. It may feel nice to have cash to hand, and there is clearly a need to retain some monies in cash as a ‘rainy day fund’ to meet any short-term capital needs. But it is also very important to look closely at how much is sitting in cash accounts.

You may think that cash is king, but it’s an asset class that is costing you money in real terms.

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